Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both
general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain
These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social
interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.
ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor
coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and
gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills,
music, math and art.
Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the
most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between
2 and 3 years of age.
An estimated 1 out of 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the
United States. ASD affects over 3 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of
millions worldwide. [per autismspeaks.org]
Each individual with autism is unique and requires customized attention,
assistance, and love...something common to all.